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equipment for liquefaction of coal

Coal: liquefaction (Journal Article) OSTI.GOV

One of several direct liquefaction processes currently under advanced stages of development is the Solvent-Refined Coal-I (SRC-I) process. A major SRC-1 product option is a low sulfur, low ash solid (SRC) which could be used as an electric utility boiler fuel much in the same manner that pulverized coal is currently fired in this type of combustion equipment.

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Coal Liquefication - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

6.2 Process and Methods for Coal Liquefaction. Coal liquefaction technology began in Germany when Frederick Bergius showed that it was possible to add hydrogen to coal at 300–500°C and 1.0 MPa to produce distillate products (Bergius, 1914). During the period of 1914–1925, the process was refined and I. G. Farbenindustrie began ...

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Control schemes for coal liquefaction (Technical Report)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information

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Direct Coal Liquefaction - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

This direct coal liquefaction process has been piloted by the American Exxon Company at its Baytown Refinery in Texas (Exxon EDS, 1981). The stages of the process are shown in Fig. 4.66.Coal is slurried with hydrogenated recycle oil. The coal-oil slurry is passed via a preheater to a simple reactor at 410 °C together with high pressure hydrogen (150 bar).

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Chemical Company’s First Set of Homemade Coal Slurry

2020-7-14  The high-pressure coal-oil slurry feed pump is one of the core equipment for the direct coal liquefaction process of the Chemical Company. It functions to boost the pressure of coal-oil slurry to a certain level and enter the slurry into the coal-slurry heating furnace to mix it with hydrogen before channeling it into the coal-liquefaction ...

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Liquefaction of coal - Exxon Research and Engineering

In a coal liquefaction process wherein feed coal is contacted with molecular hydrogen and a hydrogen-donor solvent in a liquefaction zone to form coal liquids and ... Gases and vapors which may be employed as fuel are taken off through line 67 and passed through the vacuum equipment. Liquids are withdrawn through line 68. A heavier intermediate ...

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Coal Conversion Processes: Gasification and Liquefaction

1982-1-1  Direct Liquefaction. Solid coal can be converted directly to a liquid by thermo-chemical treatment, at high temperature and high pressure. This route is called direct liquefaction in contrast to indirect liquefaction involving coal gasification to synthesis gas and subsequent synthesis to liquids. 3.1.1.

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Coal liquefaction technologies—Development in China

Coal liquefaction pitch is a byproduct rich in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon generated during coal liquefaction process, and can be used to prepare porous carbon electrodes for

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Liquefaction Process - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The liquefaction process (coal was the feedstock of choice for many decades in the twentieth century) is a process used to convert a solid fuel into a substitute for liquid fuels such as diesel and gasoline. Coal liquefaction has historically been used in countries without a secure supply of petroleum, such as Germany (during World War II) and ...

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Astounding coal liquefaction plant - Alibaba

,LTD, founded in 2009, is a professional engaged in air separation plant, dissolved acetylene plant, chemical tail gas recycling equipment, food grade CO2 equipment, liquefied natural gas equipment, N2O plant design, research and development, manufacture and after-sales service as one of technological innovation-oriented enterprises.

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Coal liquefaction - Energy Education

2021-10-14  Coal liquefaction. Coal liquefaction is a process in which coal is converted into liquid fuels or petrochemicals. There are several processes used to accomplish this task, the two most common being the "indirect route" and the "direct route". The indirect route is composed of 2 steps: First, coal is gasified with steam and oxygen to produce a ...

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Coal Liquefaction — Conversions — Student

2022-5-3  The process of coal liquefaction creates synthetic liquid fuels from solid coal as substitutes for various petroleum products. There are two types of liquefaction – direct and indirect 1.. Direct liquefaction converts solid coal

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Coal Liquefaction U.S. GAO

2022-1-29  Coal liquefaction is the conversion of coal to a clean-burning, low-sulfer-content fuel which can augment gasoline and boiler fuels. ... the reliability on a commercial scale of equipment which removes undissolved coal from the liquid products; (3) the products must be upgraded before they can replace some petroleum derived products; (4) some ...

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LIQUEFACTION OF COAL - Energy

2013-2-21  requirement of coal for commercial direct liquefaction project to be set up by OIL. ¾CIL assessed coal availability of 3.50 Mt against OIL's requirement of 4 to 5 Mt. ¾Further interaction between CIL and OIL is going on the business initiatives of coal liquefaction project through ‘Joint Task Force’. Efforts made by Ministry of Coal/CIL

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Liquefaction of Coal SpringerLink

The liquefaction of coal requires primarily an increase in the proportion of hydrogen to carbon by weight two-or three-fold and the atomic H/C ratio may be increased from 0.7 to up to about 2.5. In addition, the very large complex molecular structure of the coal, containing a few thousand atoms, needs to be broken down into chemical structures ...

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Coal Liquefaction - ResearchGate

In this process, the heavy liquefaction product (vacuum residue) derived from the coal in primary hydrogenation, which is named CLB (coal liquid bottom), is treated in a solvent at high ...

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Liquefaction of coal - Exxon Research and Engineering

In a coal liquefaction process wherein feed coal is contacted with molecular hydrogen and a hydrogen-donor solvent in a liquefaction zone to form coal liquids and ... Gases and vapors which may be employed as fuel are taken off through line 67 and passed through the vacuum equipment. Liquids are withdrawn through line 68. A heavier intermediate ...

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Revised IMSBC Code requirements for liquefaction of coal

2018-12-3  1. Coal cargoes are not subject to Group A requirements if they have a particle size distribution such that: a. not more than 10% is less than 1 mm AND. b. not more than 50% is less than 10 mm. Cargoes exceeding either of these limits will not be exempt from Group A requirements. This differs from the equivalent size criteria for iron ore fines. 2.

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Coal Liquefaction - Kaneko - - Major Reference Works

2012-7-15  Request permissions. Takao Kaneko. Mitsubishi Chemical Corp., Takasago Coal Liquefaction Center of Kobe Steel Ltd., Hyogo, Japan, 676–8670. Search for more papers by this author. Frank Derbyshire. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, United States. Search for more papers by this author. Eiichiro Makino.

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Coal Liquefaction — Conversions — Student

2022-5-3  The process of coal liquefaction creates synthetic liquid fuels from solid coal as substitutes for various petroleum products. There are two types of liquefaction – direct and indirect 1.. Direct liquefaction converts solid coal

Read More
Coal Liquefaction U.S. GAO

2022-1-29  Coal liquefaction is the conversion of coal to a clean-burning, low-sulfer-content fuel which can augment gasoline and boiler fuels. ... the reliability on a commercial scale of equipment which removes undissolved coal from the liquid products; (3) the products must be upgraded before they can replace some petroleum derived products; (4) some ...

Read More
Liquefaction of Coal SpringerLink

The liquefaction of coal requires primarily an increase in the proportion of hydrogen to carbon by weight two-or three-fold and the atomic H/C ratio may be increased from 0.7 to up to about 2.5. In addition, the very large complex molecular structure of the coal, containing a few thousand atoms, needs to be broken down into chemical structures ...

Read More
Liquefaction Process - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The liquefaction process (coal was the feedstock of choice for many decades in the twentieth century) is a process used to convert a solid fuel into a substitute for liquid fuels such as diesel and gasoline. Coal liquefaction has historically been used in countries without a secure supply of petroleum, such as Germany (during World War II) and ...

Read More
Liquefaction of coal - MOBIL OIL CORPORATION

We claim 1. A process for the liquefaction of coal comprising: reacting said coal with hydrogen or with a mixture of carbon monoxide and water, said reacting step being conducted at a temperature of at least 500°F and at a pressure of at least 1000 psig, in the presence of, as a catalyst, the naturally occurring underwater deposit known as manganese nodules; and

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Coal Gasification and Liquefaction - INSIGHTSIAS

2020-9-1  Topics Covered: Infrastructure- energy. Coal Gasification and Liquefaction: Context: Union Minister of Coal and Mines recently addressed a webinar on Coal Gasification and Liquefaction. He said; India aims for 100 million tonnes (MT) coal gasification by 2030 with investments worth over Rs. 4 lakh crores. For encouraging use of clean sources of fuel,

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New IMSBC Code requirements aim to control liquefaction

The International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code describes coal as a natural, solid, combustible material consisting of amorphous carbon and hydrocarbons.Although coal is best known for its flammable and self-heating properties, certain coal cargoes may also be liable to

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A novel reactor system for studying the kinetics of coal

1995-1-1  Direct-coal liquefaction is generally run in the range of 350–450 °C at over 7 MPa. The heat capacity of experimental equipment is large compared to that of the sample being studied. This heats up and cools down the reactor system compared to

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Design and security analysis for the liquefaction and

2015-7-31  Coal-bed methane (CBM) is a new clean energy. Because of the limitation of treating technologies, most of the oxygen-bearing coal-bed methane is not used efficiently and is evacuated immediately, which causes waste of resources and severe pollution of the environment. In order to use oxygen-bearing coal-bed methane

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Health impacts of air pollution in Chinese coal-based clean

2022-5-7  Model applied to coal liquefaction. Coal liquefaction is a vital approach for converting coal into desired chemicals and liquid fuels, as it is practical to turn the tide of coal and oil, and perk up the underdeveloped areas of the energy structure (Hao et al., 2018). In China, whose energy structure is featured as “rich in coal but poor in ...

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